Hello guys, in Q1, following the breakdown is an adverbial of time. in Q7 brocade is used as an adjective because it modifies the noun tux. in Q10, I said transitive complex. the verb call cannot be replaced by an equal sign in this case so I don´t Think it is a linking verb. Hope this helps. Satish can share more light on this.
Q 1) Yes, it is an adverbial of time, but is it a PP?
No Hakan, I don't Think it is a prepositonal phrase because there is no preposition. "Following" is not a preposition. I do not Think so
Hakan, I Think you are right about this one. It is a PP.
I think that in Q 7) Is ”30 minutes late for the ceremony” is an Adverbial because the sentence functions without it. I've changed my mind.
I had actually made a mistake in my own analysis, but was corrected by a campus student last Tuesday. so, Following = Preposition.
In: The groom wearing a brocade tux arrived 30 minutes late for the ceremony You can get a sense of clausal completion with: The groom arrived. Therefore 30 min ... ceremony is an adverbial